DNA Science:

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was first identified in the late 1860s by the chemist Friedrick Miescher, but its complete molecular structure wasn’t discovered until 1953when James Watson and Francis Crick, with the help of Rosalind Franklin, proposed the double helix structure with which we are all familiar. This landmark discovery changed science and led to an expansion in the field of genetics. Genetics is not only the foundation for much of the human health research field, but also for understanding plant and animal evolution over ancient and recent time scales. Click here to learn more about the structure of DNA.

In the field of Evolutionary Genetics, we use the genetic code to understand evolutionary relationships among species and populations. We use DNA sequencing and microsatellite genotyping to create genotypes that are unique for each individual animal. In doing so, we can answer questions about kinship, paternity, hybridization, adaptation, evolution, disease resistance, diversity, etc.